Escenarios y nuevas formas de vida en los espacios biomédicos / Scenarios and new forms of life in biomedical areas


Resumen: El artículo analiza cómo la aparición del ejercicio de scenario-planning y su generalización en el mundo de la salud transforma los espacios biomédicos. En ese cambio aparecen nuevos actores, otras maneras de producir conocimiento y una definición de “lo vivo” centrada en el futuro y en una escala global. Partiendo de un bagaje centrado en los estudios de ciencia y tecnología (STS), y más concretamente en la teoría del actor-red, se presenta un análisis de caso que estudia la transformación de los modelos de salud pública (y sus respectivas escalas a nivel global) después del periodo post-“pandémico” de 2009 de gripe porcina. Examinando los múltiples escenarios que se crearon en ese momento, se analiza el despliegue de múltiples sistemas de vigilancia, que forzaron movimientos para la articulación de nuevos actores; la conformación de posibles futuros, el establecimiento de escalas globales y, en última instancia, una nueva conceptualización de lo vivo como valor para asegurar y proteger.

Palabras clave: Scenario-planning, biopolítica, actores, salud global, STS

Abstract: The article analyzes how the emergence of scenario-planning and its generalization in the health management area, transforms the biomedical arena. In this shift are performing new actors, the knowledge is produced by other means and appears a definition of "life" focused on the future and on a global scale. Seen from Science and Technology Studies (STS) perspective, and more concretely on Actor-Network Theory (ANT), we presented a case study that examines the transformation of public health models (and their respective scales at the global level) after the 2009 post-“pandemic” period of swine flu. Examining the multiple scenarios that were created at that time, we analyze the deployment of multiple surveillance systems, which provoked movements towards the articulation of new actors; the conformation of possible futures, the establishment of global scales and, ultimately, a new conceptualization of “life” as a value to be ensured and protected.

Keywords: Scenario-planning, biopolitics, actors, global health, STS

Palabras clave

Scenario-planning, biopolítica, actores, salud global, STS

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Copyright (c) 2017 Mariana Ioana Gavris, Francisco Javier Tirado

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