Una crítica metodológica a las evaluaciones PISA


En este trabajo realizamos una evaluación metodológica de las evaluaciones internacionales PISA, presentando un análisis crítico de sus deficiencias y limitaciones. Presentamos una revisión metodológica o meta-evaluación de los múltiples informes PISA, en un intento de demostrar la validez plausible de las inferencias que PISA mantiene, teniendo en cuenta una serie de limitaciones metodológicas tales como: una lógica incoherente, toma de muestras opacas, diseño evaluativo inestable, instrumentos de medición de validez cuestionables, el uso oportunista de las puntuaciones transformadas por la normalización, la confianza reverencial en la significación estadística, la ausencia de estadísticas sustantivamente importantes centradas en las magnitudes de los efectos, una presentación problemática de los hallazgos e implicaciones cuestionables extraídas de los resultados para las prácticas y las legislaciones educativas. Recae sobre PISA la responsabilidad de proporcionar y demostrar mayor rigor metodológico en los futuros informes técnicos y la consiguiente necesidad de ser cuidadosos para no mostrar inferencias sin fundamento a partir de sus hallazgos.

Palabras clave

Evaluación; Meta-evaluación; Metodología of evaluación; PISA.

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