DOI: https://doi.org/10.7203/relieve.22.2.6459

Adaptación transcultural y validación del contenido del Delaware School Climate Survey-Student (DSCS-S) en Brasil


Resumen


El clima escolar evalúa las dimensiones: social, emocional, ética, académica y ambiental de la vida escolar, tales como normas, metas, valores, relaciones interpersonales, prácticas de enseñanza y aprendizaje y estructuras institucionales. El presente artículo pretende presentar el proceso de traducción, adaptación cultural y de investigación de la validación del contenido del instrumento de clima escolar del Delaware School Climate Survey-Student (DSCS-S) en Brasil, especialmente la investigación de la validad del contenido del instrumento a través del coeficiente de validad de contenido (CVC). El proceso consistió en etapas de traducción y retraducción, estudio piloto con público albo, evaluaciones con especialistas y minuciosos ajustes en el instrumento. El análisis apunta a la importancia de seguir un riguroso método de adaptación transcultural de instrumentos para garantizar la validez del contenido, así como la existencia de evidencias de validez de contenido (CVC > 0,8 para todas las escalas del instrumento) del DSCS-S para la lengua portuguesa de Brasil. Este instrumento puede ayudar a las escuelas brasileñas a evaluar el clima escolar y desarrollar estrategias, programas y políticas escolares más eficaces

Palabras clave


clima escolar, psicometría, test psicológicos, adaptación, estudios de validación

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