¿Qué es una emoción?


Resumen: El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un repaso de las teorías de las emociones más importantes de las últimas décadas y valorar en qué medida tales teorías ofrecen una buena caracterización del fenómeno en cuestión. Para alcanzar una comprensión adecuada de las diferentes teorías, así como del rumbo que ha tomado el debate actual sobre las emociones, es importante que prestemos especial atención a algunos de los compromisos filosóficos involucrados en la formulación de estas teorías. La revisión cuidadosa de algunos de estos compromisos nos llevará a plantearnos si algunas de las dificultades a las que se enfrentan varias de las teorías de las emociones actuales podrían tener origen en tales compromisos filosóficos y no, como suele pensarse, en la complejidad de las emociones.

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to review the most important theories of emotions in recent decades and to assess the extent to which these theories provide a good characterisation of the phenomenon in question. In order to achieve an appropriate understanding of the different theories, as well as of the direction that the current debate on emotions has taken, it is important that we pay special attention to some of the philosophical commitments involved in the formulation of these theories. Careful examination of some of these commitments will lead us to consider whether some of the difficulties faced by several of the current theories of emotions might stem from such philosophical commitments rather than, as is often thought, from the complexity of emotions.

Palabras clave: episodios, intencionalidad, fenomenología, propiedades evaluativas.

Keywords: episodes, intentionality, phenomenology, evaluative properties.

Texto completo:



Brady, M. S. 2009, “The Irrationality of Recalcitrant Emotions”, Philosophical Studies, 145 (3): 413-30. 

Campeggiani, P. 2021, Introduzione alla filosofia delle emozioni, Biblioteca Clueb. 

Cannon, W. B. 1927, “The James-Lang Theory of Emotion: A Critical Examination and an Alternative Theory”, American Journal of Psychology, 39: 106-24.

Carman, M. 2018, “How Emotions Do Not Provide Reasons for Action”, Philosophia, 46: 555-74.

Cobos, P. et al. 2002, “Revisiting the James versus Cannon Debate on Emotion: Startle and Autonomic Modulation in Patients with Spinal Cord Injuries”, Biological Psychology, 61 (3): 251-69.

Corbí, J. E. 2012, Morality, Self-Knowledge and Human Suffering, Routledge.

D’Arms, J. y Jacobson, D. 2000, “Sentiment and Value”, Ethics, 110: 722-48.

D’Arms, J. y Jacobson, D. 2003, “The Significance of Recalcitrant Emotion (or, Anti-quasijudgmentalism)”, Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, 52: 127-45.

Davidson, D. 1980, Essays on Actions and Events: Philosophical Essays, Clarendon Press. 

De Sousa, R. 1987, The Rationality of Emotion, MIT Press.

Deigh, J. 1994, “Cognitivism in the Theory of Emotions”, Ethics, 104: 824-54.

Deigh, J. 2010, “Concepts of Emotions in Modern Philosophy and Psychology”, P. Goldie (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion, Oxford University Press, 17-40. 

Dennett, D. C. 1995, “Do Animals Have Beliefs?”, H. Roitblat (ed.) Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Sciences, MIT Press.

Deonna, J. A. y Teroni, F. 2012, The Emotions: A Philosophical Introduction, Routledge.

Deonna, J. A. y Teroni, F. 2020, “Emotional Experience: Affective Consciousness And its role in Emotion Theory”, U. Kriegel (ed.), Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Consciousness, Oxford University Press.

Dretske, F. 1988, Explaining behavior: Reasons in a world of causes, MIT Press.

Dunn, R. 2006, Values and the Reflective Point of View: On Expressivism, Self-knowledge and Agency, Routledge. 

Finkelstein, D. 2003, Expression and the Inner, Harvard University Press.

Frijda, N. H. 2007, The Laws of Emotion, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Goldie, P. 2000, The Emotions: A Philosophical Exploration, Oxford University Press.

Goldie, P. 2004, On Personality, Routledge.

Goldie, P. 2010, “Love for a Reason”, Emotion Review, 2 (1): 61-7.190 

Gordon, R. 1987, The Structure of Emotions: Investigations in Cognitive Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grzankowski, A. 2017, “The Real Trouble with Recalcitrant Emotions”, Erkenntnis, 82 (3): 641-51. 

Green, O. H. 1992, The Emotions: A Philosophical Theory, Dordrecht: Kluwer. 

Greenspan, P. 2011, “Craving the right: Emotions and moral reasons”, C. Bagnoli (ed.), Morality and the Emotions, Oxford University Press, 39-60.

Helm, B. 2002, “Felt Evaluations: A Theory of Pleasure and Pain”, American Philosophical Quarterly, 39: 13-30.

Helm, B. 2009, Love, Friendship, and the Self: Intimacy, Identification, and the Social Nature of Persons, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Helm, B. 2015, “Emotions and Recalcitrance: Reevaluating the Perceptual Model”, dialectica, 69: 417-33.

James, W. 1884, “What is an Emotion”, Mind, 9: 188-205.

Kenny, A. 1963, Action, Emotion and Will, Routledge.

Kim, J. 1993, Supervenience and Mind, Cambridge University Press

Martínez, M. 2019, “A Mark of the Mental: In Defense of Informational Teleosemantics”, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.

McDowell, J. 1994, Mind and World, Harvard University Press.

Mitchell, J. 2021, Emotion as Feeling Towards Value: A Theory of Emotional Experience, Oxford University Press.

Naar, H. 2013, “A Dispositional Theory of Love”, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 94: 3.

Nussbaum, M. C. 2001, Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions, Nueva York: Cambridge University Press.

Pettit, P. 1991, “Realism and Response-Dependence”, Mind, 100: 587-626.

Pineda, D. 2019, Sobre las emociones, Madrid: Cátedra.

Prinz, J. 2004, Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of Emotion, Nueva York: Oxford University Press.

Rabinowicz, W. y Rønnow-Rasmussen, T. 2004, “The Strike of the Demon: On Fitting Pro-Attitudes and Value”, Ethics, 114: 391-423.

Roberts, R. 2003, Emotions: An Essay in Aid of Moral Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scarantino, A. 2010, “Insights and Blindspots of the Cognitivist Theory of Emotions”, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 61(4): 729-68.

Scarantino, A. y De Sousa, R. 2018, “Emotion”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2021 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/emotion/>.

Shea, N. 2007, “Consumers Need Information: Supplementing Teleosemantics with an Input Condition”, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 75 (2): 404-35.

Smith, J. 2014, “Are Emotions Embodied Evaluative Attitudes?”, Disputatio, 6(38): 93-106.

Solomon, R. 2004, “Emotions, Thoughts, and Feelings: Emotions as Engagements with the World”, R. Solomon (ed.), Thinking about Feeling: Contemporary Philosophers on Emotions, Oxford/Nueva York: Series in Affective Science, 76-88.

Solomon, R. 1993, The Passions: Emotions and the Meaning of Life, Hackett Publishing Company.

Tappolet, C. 2016, Emotions, Values and Agency, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 

Vendrell Ferran, I. 2018, “Emoción”, Enciclopedia de la Sociedad Española de Filosofía Analítica (URL: http://www.sefaweb.es/emocion/)

Wiggins, D. 1987, Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value, Oxford: Blackwell.

Williams, B. 1976, “Moral Luck”, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 1: 115-35. 

Wollheim, R. 1999, On the Emotions, New Haven y Londres: Yale University Press.

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.



 Licencia de Creative Commons

Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.





 Licencia de Creative Commons

Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.