(Not) Hosting Refugees in the EU. Philosophical Perspectives on the 2015-2016 Crisis


Abstract: Were the EU’s actions in terms of refugee hosting during the 2015-2016 crisis morally acceptable? This paper describes those actions and evaluates them from the points of view of philosophers who specialize in the field of asylum ethics, such as Joseph Carens, Matthew Gibney, or David Miller, among others. First, I clarify who, according to such literature, would be entitled to refugee or refugee-like protection. Secondly, I indicate to what those persons would be entitled. Thirdly, I explain why the EU fell short of its moral obligations towards those people, and finally, I advance a few suggestions for improvement.

Resumen: ¿Fue moralmente aceptable la actuación de la UE en cuanto a la acogida de personas refugiadas durante la crisis de 2015-2016? Este artículo describe dichas acciones y las evalúa desde el punto de vista de autores como Joseph Carens, Matthew Gibney o David Miller, entre otros. En primer lugar, aclaro qué personas tendrían derecho a protección internacional según los mencionados autores. En segundo lugar, indico a qué tendrían derecho aquellas personas. En tercer lugar, explico por qué la UE no estuvo a la altura de sus obligaciones morales hacia ellas y, por último, apunto algunas sugerencias de mejora.

Keywords: ethics, refugees, international protection, European Union, ideal and non-ideal theory.

Palabras clave: ética, personas refugiadas, protección internacional, Unión Europea, teoría ideal y no ideal.

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