Sinergias rural-urbanas: hacia un marco conceptual aplicado al área funcional de Valencia (España) / / / \ \ \ Rural-urban synergies: towards a conceptual framework applied to the functional area of Valencia (Spain)


Resumen


Resumen: El éxito en la creación de sinergias rurales y urbanas para el desarrollo regional sostenible requiere de un enfoque integrado a nivel local y regional. Este artículo es una contribución al análisis de estas relaciones en el área funcional de Valencia, a partir del estudio de diferentes modelos de gobernanza como marco conceptual. Este enfoque deriva del proyecto H2020 ROBUST, en el que se analiza cómo avanzar en el desbloqueo de sinergias rural-urbanas a nivel local-regional, con especial atención a las capacidades de los gobiernos municipales y regionales, las administraciones relacionadas y otras partes interesadas para generar y mejorar las relaciones mutuamente beneficiosas. En el caso de estudio de la provincia de Valencia se han analizado diferentes tipos de estructuras de gobernanza, como el Consejo Alimentario de Valencia, los Pactos Territoriales por el Empleo y varios ejemplos de -en algunos casos, potenciales o teóricas- buenas prácticas, tales como el taxi rural, los cajeros automáticos o las redes culturales. Los acuerdos de gobernanza analizados enfatizan el compromiso del gobierno regional para activar mecanismos de gobernanza multinivel, así como la cooperación público-privada a nivel regional (más allá, por tanto, de los límites provinciales). La metodología aplicada puede ayudar a identificar nuevas medidas y acciones adecuadas para mejorar y crear nuevos modelos de gobernanza en las relaciones rurales y urbanas.


 


Palabras clave: Living Lab, sinergias rural-urbanas, gobernanza, área funcional de Valencia.


 


Abstract: The successful creation of rural-urban synergies for sustainable regional development requires an integrated approach at local and regional level. This article is a contribution to the analysis of these relationships in the functional area of Valencia, based on the study of different governance models as a conceptual framework. This approach derives from the H2020 ROBUST project, which analyses how to advance in unlocking rural-urban synergies at the local-regional level, with special attention to the capacities of municipal and regional governments, related administrations and other stakeholders to generate and enhance mutually beneficial relationships. In the case study of the province of Valencia, different types of governance structures have been analysed, such as the Valencia Food Council, the Territorial Pacts for Employment and several examples of - in some cases, potential or theoretical - good practices, such as rural taxis, ATMs or cultural networks. The governance arrangements analysed emphasise the commitment of the regional government to activate multilevel governance mechanisms, as well as public-private cooperation at regional level (thus beyond provincial boundaries). The applied methodology can help to identify further measures and actions suitable for improving and creating new governance models in rural-urban relations


 


Key words: Living Lab, rural-urban synergies, governance, functional area of Valencia.


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TERRA: Revista de Desarrollo Local. ISSN: 2386-9968. journal.terra@gmail.com



TERRA: Revista de Desarrollo Local. ISSN: 2386-9968. journal.terra@gmail.com