Shrinking Rural Areas: demographic and broader interconnections of population decline in Hungary


Resumen


Resumen: este artículo explora la dinámica de la población en Hungría durante las últimas tres décadas a nivel de distrito. La cartografía de los distritos en crecimiento, estancamiento y contracción desde diversas perspectivas indica patrones previstos, como los polos de crecimiento de la población en la zona suburbana alrededor de la capital, las ciudades más grandes y a lo largo de las fronteras con Austria y Eslovaquia en el sur. El hecho de que la contracción de grado significativo o dramático sea más frecuente en los distritos rurales que en sus homólogos urbanos y suburbanos, caracterizando a casi la mitad de las unidades rurales de nivel LAU-1, también se encuentra entre los resultados esperados de la investigación. El crecimiento o el estancamiento de las zonas rurales, especialmente en las regiones más atrasadas, representa un patrón imprevisto de dinámica demográfica para el que una interpretación secundaria de dos estudios de caso proporciona antecedentes socioeconómicos, espaciales e históricos.


 


Palabras clave: periferización, marginación, dinámica demográfica, regiones atrasadas.


 


Abstract: this article explores population dynamics in Hungary over the last three decades at the district level. Mapping of growing, stagnating and shrinking districts from a variety of perspectives indicates anticipated patterns such as population growth poles in the suburbanised area around the capital city, larger cities and along the Austrian and Southern Slovakian borderlines. The fact that shrinking of significant or dramatic degree is more prevalent across rural districts than in their urban and suburban counterparts characterising almost half of rural LAU-1 level units is also among the expected research results. Growing or stagnating rural areas especially in lagging regions represent an unforeseen pattern of population dynamics for which a secondary interpretation of two case studies provides socio-economic, spatial and historical background.


 


Key words: peripherization, marginalisation, population dynamics, lagging regions.


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TERRA: Revista de Desarrollo Local. ISSN: 2386-9968. journal.terra@gmail.com



TERRA: Revista de Desarrollo Local. ISSN: 2386-9968. journal.terra@gmail.com