Credibilidad de los solicitantes de asilo y estereotipos heterosexistas: en busca del "refugiado LGBTI por antonomasia" | Asylum-seeker’s credibility and heterosexist stereotypes: searching for the quintaessential LGTBI refugee


Resumen


Resumen:


Aunque ni los principales instrumentos de Derechos Humanos (con la Declaración de 1948 a la cabeza) ni del Derecho de los Refugiados mencionan a las personas LGBTI, a lo largo de las últimas décadas han sido interpretadas para extender su protección a los refugiados por razones de orientación sexual o identidad de género. Sin embargo, con frecuencia se han encontrado con un importante obstáculo que les dificulta acceder a la protección internacional: la pervivencia de estereotipos y prejuicios sobre el género, el comportamiento o la sexualidad que minan la credibilidad de su testimonio. En este trabajo se evalúan los más habituales y cómo han sido tratados en la jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia de la UE.


 


Abstract: 


Even though neither the main Human Rights treaties -including the 1948 Declaration- nor those of the International Law of Refugees mention LGBTI individuals, during the last decades their protection has been expanded through its interpretation to protect thos who scape from persecution based on their sexual orientation or gender identity. However, they have often encountered a serious obstacle: the persistence of stereotypes and preconceptions on gender, sexuality or behavior that undermine their credibility. In this paper we will assess the most pervasive assumptions and how the Court of Justice of the European Union has coped with them.


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