Women and science: Genealogy of exclusion


Abstract


This article sets out to contribute a personal reflection, from the viewpoint of cultural history, on the contexts and conditions that led to the exclusion of women from fields of science. In recent decades, international feminist literature and gender studies have produced a wide historiography, providing public opinion with the bases and evidence of the social, cultural and ideological reasons that helped build gender models of a particular archetype of women and of feminine nature in Western tradition. Patriarchal, monotheistic religion, the birth of science within the context of a patriarchal order and the challenge of doing science in a democratic society constitute the main thread explored herein.


Keywords


science; patriarchal society; women; religion; exclusion

References


  • Committee on Women, Science, Engineering and Technology, 1994. Rising Tide, A Report on Women in Science, Engineering and Technology. HMSO. London.

  • FECYT, 2007. Mujer y Ciencia. La situación de las mujeres en el sistema español de ciencia y tecnología. (2ª ed.). Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología. Madrid.

  • Foucault, M., 1969. L’archéologie du Savoir. Gallimard. Paris.

  • Keller, E. F. and H. E. Longino, (eds.), 1996. Feminism and Science. Oxford University Press. Oxford.

  • Lacqueur, Th., 1992. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud. Harvard University Press. Boston.

  • Latour, B. 2004. Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences into Democracy. Harvard University Press. Boston.

  • Logue, H. A. and L. M. Talapessy, 1993. Women in Science –International Workshop 15th and 16th Feb. 1993, Brussels– Proceedings. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Luxembourg.

  • Miqueos, C. et al., 2011. Ellas también Cuentan. Científicas en los comités de revistas biomédicas. Universidad de Zaragoza. Zaragoza.

  • Ortiz Gómez, T. and G. Becerra Conde (eds.), 1996. Mujeres de ciencias. Universidad de Granada. Granada.

  • Schiebinger, L. 1989. The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science. Harvard University Press. Cambridge.







Creative Commons License
Texts in the journal are –unless otherwise indicated– published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________