Reducción de la desigualdad y gasto social: Evidencia empírica para 35 países europeos, 2004-2018


Este artículo busca determinar qué categorías de gasto social son las más eficaces para reducir la desigualdad de ingresos y cuantificar en qué medida contribuyen a esa mejora. Para ello, hemos reunido una muestra de 35 países europeos para el periodo 2004-2018 sobre la que hemos aplicado técnicas de análisis de regresión para datos de panel. Nuestros resultados señalan la importancia crucial del gasto en vivienda, desempleo y pensiones de jubilación para explicar la capacidad redistributiva del gasto social en transferencias. Asimismo, detectamos el papel crítico del ciclo económico y otros factores asociados a cada país que no fueron capturados por las variables explicativas incluidas en nuestro modelo.

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