Política monetaria, desigualdad y crisis climática


En los últimos años están cobrando un gran protagonismo, tanto en la literatura económica como en la praxis política, las conexiones entre la política monetaria y los retos de la desigualdad y la crisis climática. Este artículo sintetiza y examina los principales debates actuales acerca de los efectos potenciales de la política monetaria sobre la desigualdad de la renta y de la riqueza a través de diferentes canales, al tiempo que valora cómo dichas desigualdades pueden incidir en la aplicación de la política monetaria. Asimismo, en relación con la crisis climática, se abordan las implicaciones que pueden derivarse de la degradación ambiental y el cambio climático sobre la política monetaria, así como las posibilidades de esta para favorecer la sostenibilidad ambiental. Finalmente, teniendo en cuenta las nuevas sensibilidades de los bancos centrales para hacer frente a tales retos, se proponen distintas actuaciones de política monetaria que podrían contribuir a un crecimiento inclusivo sostenible en el marco de la Agenda 2030. 

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