DOI: https://doi.org/10.7203/CGUV.103.16014

Gobernanza y ecología política en la gestión del regadío multifuncional. Aplicación al corredor agroecológico El Hondo-Los Carrizales (Alicante)


Resumen


La gestión del regadío multifuncional se viene debatiendo en términos que incorporan tanto la preocupación por su impacto socioeconómico y ambiental, como discusiones acerca de los intereses público-privados que emanan de su promoción. Con ello, las cuestiones sobre quién forma parte de la toma de decisiones y en qué medida participa o ejerce cierto control o influencia sobre el conjunto de actores centran el debate sobre su legitimidad y gobernanza. El presente artículo profundiza en estos aspectos de la mano de un caso de estudio, el corredor agroecológico que conforma el Parque Natural El Hondo y el Parque Natural Agrario Los Carrizales (Elche, Alicante). En base a la realización de entrevistas semi-estructuradas y cuestionarios y con el fin de profundizar en su modelo de gestión y las relaciones de poder entre partes interesadas, este artículo analiza 1) las cuestiones que generan mayor preocupación y debate en el sistema agroecológico El Hondo-Los Carrizales y 2) el nivel de gobernanza en la toma de decisiones que emana de su gestión. Los resultados muestran un reconocimiento social escaso del carácter multifuncional de ambos parques, así como la necesidad de afianzar su gestión de forma integrada y adaptativa para con ello aumentar su resiliencia frente a los impactos del cambio climático y maximizar su potencial agronómico, ambos dos aspectos clave para la supervivencia del sistema El Hondo-Los Carrizales.


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